Formative Pruning – This should be carried out on young to semi-mature trees to encourage good branch structure and limb formation. It should be avoided on mature specimens. Formative pruning typically entails the removal of dead, diseased, crossing or rubbing branches.
Crown Lifting – Pruning that selectively removes or reduces lower lateral branches to improve clearance beneath the tree. It is good arboricultural practice to ensure no more than the lower third of the canopy is removed.
Crown Cleaning / Dead Wooding – Used when maintaining a specimen tree and to improve the overall aesthetics of the tree. This involves removal of dead, diseased, broken or damaged limbs.
Thinning – The selective removal of small live branches within the crown to reduce the density. Over-thinning can have a detrimental effect on the tree and the removal of the entire internal crown (leaving a ‘lion’s tail’) should be avoided.
Hedge Trimming / Tree Trimming – Treesafe takes pride in maintaining hedges & shaping trees to tidy their appearance and create space in small gardens.
Crown Renewal – This involves pruning trees that have been damaged (by storms, previous crude pruning works, poorly structured, etc) to reduce hazards and to prolong their safe useful life expectancy. Similar to formative pruning but with more focus on the reaction growth that occurs after damage.
Crown Reduction – A reduction in height of trees by ‘Drop Crotching’. Should be carried out with caution and by an experienced arborist. This form of pruning selectively ‘target’ prunes branches, keeping the natural shapeliness of the tree. Not all species can successfully be reduced without affecting the shapeliness.
Pollarding – A specialist pruning technique that should only be carried out to trees that have historically been pollarded from an early age. Pollarding is to be avoided on mature trees. Pollarding entails the establishment of branches from a knuckle at the end of a stem. All resulting new growth is removed (every 1 to 5 years) back to this knuckle.
Young Tree Pruning – Time spent on young trees can reduce future maintenance once mature. Young tree pruning is formative pruning with the addition of removing included stems and leaving lower branches to improve trunk taper.